The primary difference between a business with a significant profit motive and a non-profit is the tax status of each. Operational decisions still need to be made for each type of entity, though there can be different basis for making the decisions. To be granted the tax exemption, a non-profit must file a Form 1023 with the IRS and have the request approved.
A while ago, I provided a discussion of a leading United States Supreme Court case about defamation, on New York Times Co. v. Sulliavan. The case focused on the first amendment rights in the area of potentially defamatory statements. However, it raises a question of what are the legal tests for defamation.
When buying a piece of real property, be it a house, undeveloped land, or any other, the new owner is recorded with the local Clerk and Recorder in the form of a deed. Deeds act to provide notice to the world about the true owner of the property. Over time, several types of deeds came into existence, today we are going to go over five common types of deeds.
For copyright, as well as other intellectual property, the question of who or whom created a copyrightable material is extremely significant. While each area of intellectual property law handles this differently, under copyright there are two questions: who is an author? And was there an objective manifestation of co-authorship?
A case with little name recognition and huge impacts deals with a wheat farmer in the late 1930s, his case decided by the Supreme Court in 1942. This wheat farmer’s case turned the Commerce Clause of the Constitution into a major federal power. Here is the case of Wickard v. Filburn, at the start of the modern, expansive power in the Commerce Clause.